Arthritis Treatment in Mumbai
What is Arthritis Treatment?
Arthritis is inflammation of joints that constrict joint mobility and cause pain, swelling, stiffness, and other symptoms. Arthritis disrupts day-to-day life and interferes in maintaining an active lifestyle.
Arthritis can be caused due to :
- Genes or family history of arthritis
- Muscle weakness
- Wear and tear of joints
- Muscle weakness
- Auto-immuno disorders
Types of Arthritis
Arthritis is classified into five major categories:
1. Rheumatoid Arthritis
It occurs when the body’s own immune system attacks body tissues and organs and causes joint inflammation. The inflammatory joint response affects inner synovium liquid and soft cartilage to dry; as a result, the cartilage and bones wear and damage. However, the exact cause of immune attacks is unknown; still, the risk of RA is more in genetic transmission.
Aging and normal wear and tear of soft tissue, cartilage, and bones cause osteoarthritis. However, joint infection or joint injury can exacerbate the natural breakdown of cartilage, increasing osteoarthritis risk.
Gout is a complex arthritis form that can affect anyone, and usually, its symptoms are characterized by tender but swollen joints and severe joint pain.
4. Ankylosing Arthritis
It is a rare arthritis form that causes pain and stiffness in the spine. It is also known as Bechterew disease. It usually starts in the lower spine, spreading to the neck and other body joints.
5. Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis affects those having Psoriasis, a skin condition. It causes red patches with silvery scales and causes oint stiffness and swelling as common symptom
What Are The Treatment Options?
Arthritis can cause many lifestyle problems and increase other health risks like- heart risks, obesity, osteoporosis, etc. Therefore it is essential to seek early diagnosis and start arthritis treatment as soon as possible.
The orthopedics will recommend the treatments based on the diagnosis that include-physical examination, blood tests(rheumatoid factor or antinuclear antibody blood test), screening tests, bone tomography, and X-ray. After verifying the cause and extent of damage to joints, the doctor prepares a plan for arthritis treatment in Mumbai. The treatment will also depend on
- Type of arthritis
- Any other disorder diagnosed with arthritis
- severity of pain
Treatment options include:
- Analgesics, such as hydrocodone or acetaminophen(Tylenol), reduce pain and inflammation.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to manage pain and inflammation.
Note: Salicylates may thin the blood; therefore, additional blood-thinning medications should be avoided.
- Menthol or capsaicin pain-block creams.
- Steroids injections such as like prednisone to treat exacerbated pain.
- Immunosuppressants to suppress severe inflammatory arthritis like RA.
2. Physical Therapy
To increase blood circulation and increase muscle-bone coordination, the orthopedic can advise specific joint-movement excersises as physical therapy.
Typically, the orthopedic may advise partial full-replacement surgery. The surgeon may also prescribe arthroscopic surgery without joint replacement, including cartilage and bone trimming to correct arthritis. In some cases of the diseased joint, the surgeon may recommend joint preservation surgeries to preserve deteriorating joints and eliminate the need for joint replacement surgery.
Some latest joint preservation surgeries for arthritis include:
- Arthroscopy and Meniscal Repair– is an outpatient procedure to repair torn knee cartilage. The torn meniscus is repaired by MISS procedure and requires post-operative protection for joint healing.
- High Tibial Osteotomy(HTO)- is an orthopedic surgical procedure to realign knee-joint.
- Knee joint distraction (Arthroslysis)- It is an innovative procedure to delay the need for knee-joint replacement. Through MISS surgery, the bones are pulled apart and allow the cartilage to heal naturally.
If arthritis is severe in the finger or wrist, the orthopedic surgeon may do a joint fusion as an adept arthritis treatment in Mumbai.
Why Choose Tushar Ubale?
Dr. Tushar Ubale is an experienced orthopedic doctor who has successfully treated several orthopedic patients in Mumbai. He is also a member of the orthopedic association and is considered one of the best orthopedic doctors for arthritis treatment in Mumbai. So, if you are seeking arthritis treatment, consult him to start your treatment course right away.
Frequently Asked Questions
When you are experiencing joint pain that is not relieved by over-the-counter medications, or your symptoms continue to persist or worsen, you should see an orthopaedic surgeon. Surgery is the last resort for any joint problem, and it is recommended only when no other treatments can alleviate the problem. The orthopaedic surgeon helps diagnose arthritis, prescribe treatment and advise on the best way to manage your condition. Dr Tushar Ubale is an orthopaedic surgeon known for providing the best arthritis treatment in Mumbai.
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