partial knee replacement surgery

Is your knee severely damaged by arthritis or an injury? It must be hard for you to perform activities like walking or climbing stairs. You might start feeling pain while sitting or lying down for a long time.

Joint replacement surgery is a safe procedure to correct leg deformity, relieve pain, and help you resume normal activities. Knee replacement surgery was performed first in 1968. Since then, improvements in surgical techniques have enabled surgeons to treat these symptoms without replacing the entire knee joint. 

Today, unicondylar knee replacement or partial knee replacement is an alternative to total knee replacement for patients suffering from arthritis with damage to only one compartment of the knee joint.

Knee Anatomy

  • The knee consists of the lower end of the thighbone, the upper end of the shinbone, and the kneecap. The ends of these bones are covered with articular cartilage, a substance responsible for protecting the bones and enabling them to move within the joint.
  • Large ligaments hold the femur and tibia to provide stability. In addition, the long thigh muscles give the knee strength.
  • Normally, all of these components work in perfect harmony to do any activity. But disease or injury can disrupt all this, resulting in pain, discomfort, muscle weakness, and reduced function.

When is surgery recommended?

There are various reasons why we recommend knee replacement surgery, some of which include:

  • Severe knee pain or stiffness results in limiting everyday activities
  • Moderate or severe knee pain even while resting
  • Chronic knee inflammation and swelling
  • Knee deformity

Procedures: Types Of Knee Replacement Surgery

The knee replacement is done in two ways: Manually or Computerized knee replacements.

Unicondylar / Partial Knee Replacement

  • Firstly, the knee joint is sedated by local anesthesia.
  • Next, an incision is made, and the joint is accessed through special tools.
  • Typically, the inflamed joints resist moving; therefore, part of the inflamed joint is cut, removed, and replaced with a prosthesis that allows the femur bone to glide smoothly on the tibia. 
  • After surgery, a set of motions is checked, and the incision is irrigated and closed with dissolvable sutures.

Robotic knee replacement

A robotic knee replacement is a knee replacement by nature but with modifications. Your surgeon removes damaged tissue in your knee and replaces it with an artificial joint. The difference is that it’s done with a robotic arm or handheld device assistance.

Robotic-assisted procedures allow for greater precision, leading to shorter recovery durations and better results. In complex cases, a robotic-assisted replacement offers a better balance in the soft tissues around the knee and better aligns the joint.

Knee surgery demands accurate diagnosis and replacement of knee-joint. Our unicondylar or partial knee replacement surgeon in Mumbai uses computerized knee-replacement technology for secure, accurate, and best possible results for total or partial knee replacement surgeries. If you are looking for partial knee replacement surgery in Mumbai, click here to book an appointment with Dr. Tushar Ubale right away. 

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